if you missed the part one of this post, you can find it here. the project has been completed, and I would like to discuss the procedure.
seven weeks ago, i placed an order for 1,500 day old chicks from Zartech ltd, via thier Abuja (wuse 2) office. Few days before the birds arrived I did a survey of the poultry feeds that were readily available around my farm, I came up with these 3;
Animal care: the complete broiler ration consists of a pre starter to be fed for the first two weeks, starter for another two weeks and the finisher till slaughter.at the time of this project, the pre starter was unavailable. most distributors complained of farmers not buying them and most times they had to be returned to the company.
Hybrid feed: the complete ration consists of broiler super starter and finisher
Breedwell feed: this is a new kid on the block. it has two types, the pellets and the mash. each type has a super starter to be fed from 0-14 days, starter 15-28 days and finisher 28 days to slaughter. the feed is produced in Ibadan and i am made to believe they have distributors in all major cities of the country.
upon arrival of the birds, the brooding pen was partitioned into 3 equal compartments. 507 day old chicks were counted into each compartment.each feed was randomly assigned to a compartment. Some precautionary measures were put in place to avoid transfer of pathogens and/or diseases from one compartment to another they include;
- using a different footwear for each compartment
- providing feed and water to compartments one at a time i.e finishing with one before moving to another
- washing drinkers and feeders for each compartment individually, to ensure they do not get mixed up.
15 random birds were picked from each compartment and marked with a marker. these birds were weighed weekly and remarked for 6 weeks
after about 10 days, the birds outgrew the compartments and were moved to individual pens.Vaccines and drugs were administered based on this chart.
DRUG AND VACCINE SCHEDULE FOR BROILERS
|1||Glucose in water for 1 hour upon arrival
Neoceryl and vitalyte for 3 days
|7||1st Gumboro vaccine|
|14||1st Lasota vaccine|
|21||2nd Gumboro vaccine|
|28||2nd Lasota vaccine|
N.B this is a personal schedule and there are variations based on the farmer’s preference
At four weeks, the birds were slowly transitioned to finisher ration by mixing starter and finisher for 3 days while slowly increasing the amount of finisher feed in the mix.
weekly feed consumption was also recorded. the birds were fed adlibitum(i.e they had access to the feed 24 hours a day) for the first 4 weeks, and then feeding was regulated to morning and evening up until slaughter. water on the other hand was given adlibitum from day old up until slaughter.
these are the steps in the procedure i feel are really important, but if there is anything you feel is important and I missed, please let me know in the comments.
In subsequent posts, I will be discussing the results, my observations and recommendations. stay tuned.